New York Property Distribution Laws

New York Property Distribution Issues & Resources

New York Property Distribution

In a New York divorce action, each party will be entitled to retain any of their separate property. Separate property includes property acquired before a marriage, any gifts or inheritances and any increase in value or property acquired in exchange for separate property. All items of marital property will be equitably divided between the spouses in a New York divorce action, based on the following factors: 
  • the contribution of each spouse to the acquisition of the marital property, including the contribution of each spouse as homemaker; 

  • the value of each spouse's property at the time of the marriage and at the time of filing for divorce; 

  • the probable future economic circumstances of each spouse; 

  • the length of the marriage; 

  • the age and health of the spouses; 

  • the amount and sources of income of the spouses;

  • the present and potential earning capability of each spouse; 

  • the potential loss of inheritance or pension rights upon dissolution of the marriage; 

  • whether the property award is instead of or in addition to maintenance; 

  • custodial provisions for the children and the need for a custodial parent to occupy the marital home; 

  • the type of marital property in question (whether it is liquid or non-liquid);

  • the impossibility or difficulty of evaluating an interest in an asset such as a business, profession, or corporation and the desirability of keeping such an asset intact and free from interference by the other spouse; 

  • the tax consequences to each party; 

  • the wasteful dissipation of assets;

  • any transfer of property made in anticipation of divorce; 

  • any equitable claim that a spouse has in marital property, including joint efforts and expenditures, and contribution and services as a spouse, parent, wage earner, and homemaker, and to the career and career potential of the other spouse; and

  • any other factor necessary to do equity and justice between the spouses.

 The Court may also consider marital fault in dividing martial property.

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